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Classic watches, watchmaking, antique tools, history, vintage ephemera and more!

Learn about mechanical timepieces and how they work, the history of the American watch industry and especially all about the Elgin National Watch Company! Check back for new content daily.

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Elgin Grade 62

This is a particularly early Elgin, a  grade 62, 18 size, 15 jewels, made about 1867. It's a Howard Z. Culver model.

Culver was one of the original incorporators of The National Watch Company, in 1864.

The Z in H. Z. Culver stands for Zoroaster.
Moseley was Charles Moseley who held several patents, including the one the mark "Patent Pinion" refers to on many Elgin watches.

The regulator arrangement on this watch was also one of his.

The particular style of dust ring used on early Elgin products was Moseley's work as well.

The US Patent Office has these entries attributed to Moseley:

  • 45512, Tool, Watch Barrel Closer, 1864
  • 77078, Watch Cock or Bridge, 1868
  • 89328, Watch Mainspring Ratchet, 1869
  • 95128, Watch Dustproof Movement, 1869
  • 104756, Watch Safety Pinion, 1870
  • 157021, Watch Regulator, 1874






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