Classic watches, watchmaking, antique tools, history, vintage ephemera and more!

Learn about mechanical timepieces and how they work, the history of the American watch industry and especially all about the Elgin National Watch Company! Check back for new content daily.

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Waltham 16 Size Military Pocketwatch

Here's a Waltham  military   pocketwatch  with a 24 hour dial, and a sweep seconds hand.  It's 16 size with 22 jewels - an unusual number as there is a extra to provide for the back side of the sweep seconds arbor.

This is a "hacking" movement, meaning that the watch completely stops in setting mode so as to allow setting to the second.  In this image, the movement is in setting mode and a little spring of steel is touching the balance wheel.  It at the upper right visible near the balance cock.  This stops the balance wheel, and thus the watch.   In winding mode, that spring is moved out of the way and the balance starts.

The black gear on the back is sitting on the 4th wheel.  The 4th wheel is the one that turns one revolution per minute, and this is where, on the other side, the seconds hand would be on a typical pocketwatch (the location of that sub-dial for seconds is not a matter of style, but of mechanics).  This watch has a sweep seconds hand, mounted in the middle.  The black gear drives a pinion on a shaft that passes inside the center wheel arbor, through the watch,, to carry the sweep seconds hand over on the dial side.
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